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HIST 4960: Senior Seminar

Overview and review of sources for students in History 4960

Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago Style: Notes & Bibliography

Text Citations
Footnotes appear at the end of a page, while endnotes appear at the end of an article (671). A footnote or an endnote generally lists the author, title, and facts of publication, in that order (661). Notes, whether footnotes or endnotes, should be numbered consecutively with superscript (noted below as Sup. no.; Ex: 1), beginning with 1, throughout each article (666). Placement of a note number should be at the end of a sentence or clause (666). 

Footnote: For ease of reference, footnotes are preferred by readers, however, a page of all footnotes is daunting (673).
Endnote: With the main heading of 'Notes' at the end of an article or chapter, the flexibility to use endnotes are less intimidating despite the challenge of finding a particular note (673).

DISCLAIMER: This citation style requires format structure (hanging indent) which is unable to be properly displayed here. If you would like more information or have other questions, please contact us! 

Bibliography
All sources to be included in a bibliography are alphabetically arranged in a single list by the last names of authors (685). 

Book (695): 
Sup. no. First name Last name, Title of Container (Location: Publisher, Year).
Last name, First name. Title of Container. Location: Publisher, Year.
Note: 
1. Richard A. Berk, Water Shortage: Lessons in Conservation from the Great California Drought, 1976-1977 (Cambridge, Mass.: Abt Books, 1981).
Bibliographic entry:
​Berk, Richard A. Water Shortage: Lessons in Conservation from the Great California Drought, 1976-1977. Cambridge, Mass.: Abt Books, 1981.

Web page (753): 
Sup. no. First name Last name, "Title of Source," Publisher, Publication AND/OR Access date, URL.
Last name, First name. "Title of Source." Publisher. Publication AND/OR Access date. URL.
Note:
2. California Department of Fish and Wildlife, "Coho Salmon," Fisheries Branch, Accessed June 20, 2018. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Fishes/Coho-Salmon.
Bibliographic entry:
California Department of Fish and Wildlife. "Coho Salmon." Fisheries Branch. Accessed June 20, 2018. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Fishes/Coho-Salmon.

Journal article retrieved from an online database with DOI (730): 
Sup. no. First name Last name, "Title of Source," Title of Container Volume number, Issue number (presented as no.) (Year): Page numbers, URL.
Last name, First name. "Title of Source," Title of Container Volume number, Issue number (presented as no.) (Year): Page numbers. URL.
Note:
3. Michelle L. Hladlik et al., "Concentrations and Loads of Suspended Sediment-associated Pesticides in the San Joaquin River, California and Tributaries during Storm Events," Science of the Total Environment 408, no. 2 (2009): 356-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.09.040.
Bibliographic entry:
Hladik, Michelle L., Domagalski, Joseph L., and Kuivila, Kathryn M. "Concentrations and Loads of Suspended Sediment-associated Pesticides in the San Joaquin River, California and Tributaries during Storm Events." Science of the Total Environment 408, no. 2 (2009): 356-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.09.040.

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